Python is one of the most popular programming languages used today. It achieved this position as a result of its strong features, flexibility and simplicity of use. Python is a high-level, object-oriented, general-purpose, interpreted programming language with dynamic semantics. The Pros of Python language are it is object-oriented, Simple, Speedy, Improves productivity, is free of open source, large standard library, is portable, easy to code, and has automatic memory management. The cons of Python are speed limitation, not suitable for mobile, large memory consumption, Difficult to test, Error detection codes, and Design limitation. There are several Pros and cons of Python to consider when looking at its positives and negatives.
Pros of Python | Advantages of Python
This language supports both the procedural and object-oriented programming paradigms. Class and objects allow us to model the real world, whereas function assists us with code reuse. A class enables the consolidation of functions and data into one unit.
Simple to learn, read and write
Python is a high-level programming language with an English-like syntax. The code is now simpler to read and comprehend as a result. Python is extremely simple to pick up and learn, so people suggest it to beginners. Compared to other popular languages like C/C++ and Java, you need fewer lines of code to complete the same task.
Compared to other programming languages like Java and C++, programmers are more productive with extensive libraries. You produce more work while writing less code.
Python is a fast language known as ready to run because it runs code directly without complication.
Free and open source
The programming language Python is an example of FLOSS, which means that we are free to distribute copies of this software, read its source code, edit it, and create new programs. This is the rationale behind the community improvement of Python.
Large standard library
Python has a sizable standard library. Regular expression, documentation generation, unit testing, threading, databases, web browsers, FTP, EMail, XML, HTML, WAVfiles, and other system-dependent tasks are among those that are made easier by using them.
Easy to code
Python is a very user-friendly programming language; anyone can easily understand the code by reading it. A developer-friendly language is Python.
Python’s syntax makes it a very readable language.
Due to its open-source nature, Python is portable to many platforms. Python can run on any platform without modifying the current program.
Automatic memory management
Python supports automatic memory management, which entails automatically releasing and clearing memory. We don’t need to be concerned about erasing the memory.
Opportunities in IoT
Python believes that the Internet of Things has a bright future because it is the foundation for a cutting-edge platform like the raspberry pi. This help to link the language to the outside world.
Cons of Python | Disadvantages of Python
Python execution times are slow because the code is executed line by line.
Large memory consumption
Python’s high memory usage makes it unsuitable when memory is at a premium. More memory is required for Python structures.
Not suitable for mobile
Python is not a good choice for mobile devices because it is primarily used as a server-side scripting language. Additionally, mobile-based applications are hardly ever used.
Difficult to test
Testing is challenging because runtime error detection includes syntax errors. To get the output, we must fix every error. Therefore, testing in Python can be challenging, especially when integrated with other systems.
Error detection codes
Python was run through an interpreter rather than a compiler for error detection. Therefore, errors and bugs cannot be found while the programming runs. To catch errors, developers should have written exception-handling code.
Python is a dynamic type language, meaning variables do not need to be declared before use. Although this makes the programmer’s job easier, it could result in run time errors because of erroneous data movements.
Weak database access layers
Compared to ODBC and JDBC, which are the industry standards, database layers are less comparable.
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