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Pros and cons of USMCA

There are pros and cons of the united states Mexico Canada Agreement(USMCA). It is important to consider how the new united states Mexico Canada Agreement(USMCA), which is anticipated to be completed at the end of November and replace NAFTA by 2020, would impact mining firms and suppliers. The pros of the USMCA are that it updates and replaces the North American free trade agreement(NAFTA), which was signed in 1994. The cons of the USMCA are that it could lead to the outsourcing of jobs from the united states to Mexico, and it could also increase the price of some medicines.

Related article: Cap and Trade System Pros and Cons

Pros of USMCA:

The USMCA will give businesses in North America stability for 16 years. Unless the parties opt to extend it, the agreement will end after that point. Compared to the uncertainties of the previous two years under a protectionist US president Donald Trump, that is fantastic news for Canadian industry.

  • Reduced or abolished tariffs cut manufacturing and trade expenses, resulting in lower retail prices for consumers and higher profits for businesses.
  • Healthcare and data market safeguards that have been reorganized make businesses competitive while preserving growth incentives.
  • As pay discrepancies close, new safeguards for Mexicans translate into more possibilities for US-based employees. The new accord established strict labour rules that guarantee workers’ rights and just compensation, particularly in Mexico.

Cons of USMCA:

Cons of USMCA include expenses associated with increased labour protections generally and fewer safeguards for specific industries

  • Biologics are no longer under the exclusive grip of pharmaceutical companies.
  • The agreement could lead to job losses in the united states, as companies may relocate to Mexico or Canada in search of cheaper labour.
  • Regulations for higher-wage factories may result in slight increases in manufacturing costs.
  • The accord may make it challenging for the united states to strike trade agreements with other nations in the future.
  • The agreement could lead to job losses in the united states, as companies may relocate to Mexico or Canada in search of cheaper labour.
  • The agreement could hurt the environment, as it could lead to more pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.

Explore more information:

  1. Free trade pros and cons
  2. Pros and cons of NAFTA
  3. Pros and Cons of Privatization
  4. Pros and Cons of Globalization
  5. Bilateral trade agreements’ advantages and disadvantages


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Divya Chauhan
Divya Chauhan is an expert writer with 10+ years of experience as a content writer. They specialize in making complex topics like IT, Health, and general topic easy to understand. Divya has written over thousands of articles to help people with their content. Prior to joining Way2benefits’s editorial team in 2020, Divya worked as a Professor of BCA college and freelancer blogger.