A study technique called naturalistic observation includes watching participants in their natural settings. May psychologists and other social scientists employ this strategy. It is an approach to qualitative research that emphasizes gathering, analyzing, and describing nonnumerical data. Let us read more and learn about the 8 pros and cons of naturalistic observation in detail here.
Pros of Naturalistic observation
The data gathered is substantially more accurate when the subject’s actions are unaffected. When they are not being observed or scrutinized, people reveal their actual emotions, attitudes, and behaviors.
Puts things in real world view
tests may be performed in a real-world environment. Due to this, the acquired responses are far more pertinent to how the hypothesis would play out in actuality, everyday situations. With other alternative sorts of tests and observations, it is far more challenging or practically impossible to arrive at this kind of viewpoint.
Research validation support
Naturalistic observation is frequently used to confirm the finding of earlier investigations. They support or refute this data because it provides an incredibly accurate assessment of the outcomes.
naturalistic observation is a technique that researchers use to acquire more accurate and realistic responses from their participants. Since the subjects whether they are people or animals are not aware that they are being monitored, they act and move in a way that is natural to them. Additionally, since no external factor influences their feelings, the outcomes are genuine rather than predetermined
Cons of Naturalistic observation
Differing points of view
Even scientists and researchers have diverse perspectives on things. Even when two persons see the same subject perform the exact same action, they may come to totally different judgments about the behaviors or actions. The main point of contention for opponents of naturalistic observations is this bias.
Lack of control
The inability of the researcher to account for external factors is another drawback.
When individuals watch natural activities, their biases may affect how experimenters perceive what they see.
Lack of validity
Even if the aim of naturalistic observation is to gain a better understanding of how it takes place in reality, experimental effects might still affect how individuals react. People may change their behavior only because they are aware that they are being watched, which may be caused by the Hawthorne effect and other demand features.
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